In the world of Health care and social care there are a lot of terms thrown around. Unfortunately, not everyone knows what the terminology means.

Please see below a short list of terms regularly used in health and social care.

Personal budget

This is Money that is allocated to you by your local council to pay for care or support to meet your assessed needs. The money comes solely from adult social care. You can take your personal budget as a direct payment making you an employer of your own care or support staff or choose to leave it to the council to arrange services (sometimes known as a managed budget) – or a combination of the two.

Personal health budget

A personal health budget is a plan for your health care, not social care, that you develop and control that comes from the NHS.

Individual service fund

This is a personal budget that a care provider manages on your behalf.


Personalisation is a social care approach described by the Department of Health as meaning that “every person who receives support, whether provided by statutory services or funded by themselves, will have choice and control over the shape of that support in all care settings”


An advocate is independent and will represent your wishes without judging you or giving you their personal opinion.

PA (Personal Assistant)/Carer/Personal Care Assistant

These are all terms that are used often to mean employee of some one who has a Personal budget and is that persons care worker.

I.E (Individual Employer)

An IE is an individual employer. This is someone who employs their own care and or support team.

Indicative Budget

The amount of money generated for the individual from the Resource Allocation System. This gives an estimated amount to allow the individual to develop their support plan. A Personal Budget is a final agreed budget of social care.


Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) were created following the Health and Social Care Act in 2012 and replaced Primary Care Trusts on 1 April 2013. CCGs are clinically-led statutory NHS bodies responsible for the planning and commissioning of health care services for their local area.

Resource Allocation System (RAS)

A Resource Allocation System (RAS) is any set of rules that allows fair allocations to be made to people who need extra support. The development of Individual Budgets depended upon the use of a RAS that enabled such an allocation to be made before the person had to decide how to spend their allocation.